For the author, the culturally dominant worldview or “scientific picture of the world” is incomplete. Despite being effective at achieving its purpose (understanding & mastering the physical world), it leaves out important aspects of reality (meaning, purpose, wholeness) and of human experience (emotion, intuition, imagination). By focusing only on the separate parts, and by removing meaning and value from a “greater whole,” this picture of the world is destructive. It compels people to stay fixated on their separate needs and wants, while preventing them from developing a collective and comprehensive worldview.
Meanwhile, both scientific experiments and spiritual experiences support the fact that there are other aspects of reality, and that they point to an absolute unity and meaning underlying all things. This holistic, metaphysical, or perennial worldview has always been present in the background of all periods of human history. Since humans are capable of gaining awareness of both the scientific picture of the world and the metaphysical picture of the world, it ultimately comes down to choice. One can either choose to focus on his or her separateness (which ultimately is the root of evil), or one can embrace his or her interrelatedness (which is the root of goodness).
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the ideas expressed in the text?
*Synthesize the text’s key points
*Set out the strengths and weakness (rhetorical devices & argumentative soundness)
*Support your opinion with distinct arguments and corresponding supporting elements. [ARGUMENTATION]