1. Pavlovian conditioning is passive in comparison to instrumental conditioning. Discuss this statement.
2. What does the cognitive approach to learning mean? Discuss.
3. How is behaviour modify cation an application of learning theory?
What are the
1. Motivation results in
(a) Goal-directed behaviour (b) Undirected behaviour
(c) Excited behaviour (d) Problem-solving behaviour
2. Motives cannot be
(a) Inferred from behaviour (b) Observed directly
(c) Used to explain behaviour (d) Used to predict behaviour